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成考英语|125个成人高考英语『易混淆』词汇(成考英语(英语)考试答题篇(二))

发布时间:2021-11-19 18:20:35 自考专业 7 来源:广东成考网

咱们学习词汇时还应留意简单混杂的词。英语中有些词,词形和读音附近,但意义却不同;有些近义词,根本意义相同,但内在的意义有很大差异。咱们必须在广泛阅览的基础上,仔细观察每一个词在不同上下文中的意义和用法,然后学会正确运用它。

1.able, capable, competent

able 为常用词,指具有做某事所需的力气,技巧,常识与时刻等,一般下功率无关,用作定语表明才能超出平均水平。如:A cat is able to see in the dark. (猫在黑私自能看见东西。)

capable 指满意一般要求的才能,可所以表现出来的,也但是潜在的,调配是be capable of +doing。用作定语,表明的才能没有able表明的才能强。如:He is capable of running a mile in a minute. (他能在一分钟内跑完一英里。)He is a very capable doctor. (他是一位很好的大夫。)

competent 指“担任”,“合格”,或受过专业技术等练习的,但不是出众的才能。如:A doctor should be competent to treat many diseases. (医师应该能治多种病。)

2.aboard, abroad, board, broad

aboard 在船(或飞机,车)上。如:I never went aboard a ship.

abroad 副词,在国外或海外。如:He often goes abroad.

board 为动词,上(船,飞机,车)。如:The passengers are boarding the plane now.

broad 为描述词,广大的。如:He has very broad shoulders.

3.accept, receive

accept 承受,receive“接到”,“收到”。

如:I received an invitation yesterday, but I didn’t accept it. (昨日我收到了一个请柬,但并没有承受约请。)

4.accident, incident, event

accident 事端。如:a traffic accident (交通事端)

incident“顺便作业”,在政治上特指引起国际争端或战役的作业,事故。

event“作业”,指特别重要的作业,通常是由曾经的尽力而产生的成果,也指国家和社会的作业。

5. accomplish, complete, finish, achieve, attain

accomplish 表成功,着重完结的成果而不是进程。如:Because of his hard word, things are accomplished. (因为他的尽力,作业都已完结了。)

complete 表明活跃的完结,更终年地指修建、工程等的完结。如:Has he complete his novel yet? (他的小说写完了吗?)

finish 最常用,后接动词的-ing方式,表明在一个活动的接连进程中完结了最终的一步或阶段。如:I’ll finish the job alone. (我要单独完结这项作业。)

achieve 完结,完结,着重经过尽力而到达意图。如:You will achieve success if you work hard.

attain 到达,完结,常用于一般人的才能不易到达的意图。如:Greater efforts are needed before we can attain our goals.

6.accurate, correct, exact, precise

accurate 衰老的,衰老的。如:Clocks in railway stations should be accurate.(火车站的钟应该是衰老的。)

correct“正确的”,指契合必定的规范或原则,含有“无过错的”意味。它的反义词是incorrect, wrong.

exact“衰老的”,“刚好的”,比“大体上正确”更进一步,表“丝毫不差”。它的反义词是inexact。

precise 着重“衰老”,“精细”。

7.accuse, charge, sue

accuse 责备,指控,常与of 调配。如:His boss accused him of carelessness.

charge 常与with调配。如:The police charged the driver with reckless driving.

sue 常与for 调配。如:Smith sued his neighbor for damaging his house.

8.achieve, acquire, require, inquire

achieve (成功地)完结,完结。如:He will never achieve anything unless he works harder. (如他不尽力作业,将会一事无成。)

acquire 取得,取得,学到。如:acquire knowledge (取得常识)

inquire 探问,问询。如:inquire a person’s name(问一个人的名字)

require 需求。如:We require more help. (咱们需求更多的协助。)

9.act, action, deed

act 用作名词时,与action, deed均可表“行为”,“行为”。Act指时刻较短的个人举动或行为,着重成果。如:The farmer caught the boys in the act of stealing his apples. (农民在孩子们正偷他的苹果时把他们抓住了。)

action 较正式,往往指不止包括一个进程,且持续时刻较长的行为或举动,着重行为的进程。如:Actions are more important than words. (举动比言语更重要。)

deed 为正式用语,多指巨大的,明显的,感人的行为。如:They thanked him for his good deeds. (他们感谢他做的功德。)

10.actual, true, real, genuine

actual 意为“实践的”,“实践的”,指所描述的事物在现实上现已产生或存在,而不是仅在理论上可能产生或存在的。

true“实在的”,指与实践相符,而非虚伪。

genuine“真的”,“非假充的”,“名副其实的”,着重正宗而非冒牌。

11.adequate, enough, sufficient

adequate 满意的,指数量多,合适需求的数量。

enough 满意的,指数量多,满意满意某种意图或希望。

sufficient 同enough,常可交换运用。但sufficient指数量多,满意满意某种需求,在白话中常用enough,在书面语中常用sufficient,在不易肯守时多用enough。Enough可放在被润饰名词后,且可作副词,sufficient则不可这么用。

12.admit, confess

两者都表“供认”。

admit 指斗胆地供认曾经企图不管或推诿的坏事。如:John has admitted to breaking the window. (约翰已供认打破了窗玻璃。)

confess 常指供认过错,罪过等。如:The thief confessed his crime to the police. (小偷向差人供认了罪过。)

13.advice,advise

advice 劝说(名词)。如:I want to give you some advice.

advise 劝说(动词)。如:What do you advise me to do?

14.adopt, adapt

adopt (1)收养。如:Since they have no children of their own, they decided to adopt a little girl. (他们自己没有孩子,所以决议收养一个小女子。) (2)选用,选用,经过。如:He adopted our suggestion.(他选用了咱们的主张。)

adopt与 adapt 词形附近,后者的意思是“使合适”,“改动”等。

15.advance, proceed, progress

均可表“行进”。

advance 表向一个特定的意图地,在必定的时刻或空间内稳定地向前运动。如:Napoleon’s army advanced on Moscow. (拿破仑的戎行向莫斯科行进。)

proceed 着重从一处向另一处的运动,常表中止后继续行进。如:They proceeded from London to Paris. (他们从伦敦往巴黎行进。)

peogress 多表天然进程,指成长,开展等稳定地或循环往复地行进。如:The year is progressing, it will soon be summer. (日月如梭,很快又是夏天了。)

16.advantage, benefit, profit

advantage 常指一种使或人处于比其他人相对有利的位置,耐人寻味或耐人寻味。如:He had the advantage of good education. (受过杰出的教育对他答复有利。)

profit 多指补偿或补偿性的收入。如Did you make any profit last year? (你上一年挣钱了吗?)

benefit 指物质利益或精力方面的优点。如:I get no personal benefit from the business.(我个人从这家企业中并不获益。)

17.advise, convince, persuade

均可表“劝说”。

advise 表主张,奉劝或人应该做某事或如何做。如:He advised me to put my money in the bank. (他劝我把钱存入银行。)

convince 指向或人陈说现实,运用推理或逻辑证明使或人服气。如:We convinced Smith to go by train rather than plane. (咱们压服了史密斯乘火车而不乘飞机前往。)

persuade 指用平允压服或人去做某事。如:I persuaded him to go back to work. (我压服他回去作业了。)

18.affect, effect

affect 影响(动词)。如Smoking affects health.

effect 作用,影响(名词)。如:Government policy will not have any effect on us.

19.afford, provide, supply

都有“供应,供应”的意思。

afford 一般只用于笼统事物。

providesupply 意思相同,两个词都和with连用,构成provide /supply somebody with something的结构。

20.agree, consent

agree 为常用词。如:Do you agree to the condition? (你赞同这个条件吗?)

consent 为正式用词,多用于上下级的联系,表明赞同他人的要求或恳求。如:Did the king consent to your plan?(国王赞同你的方案吗?)